hubertf's NetBSD Blog
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[20140321] NetBSD papers at AsiaBSDCon 2014
AsiaBSDCon 2014 happened last week, and there were a number of interesting presentations covering various topics regaring NetBSD. Slides are now available:

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[20130314] NPF documentation
Mindaugas Rasiukevicius has worked on NetBSD's new packet filter "npf" for quite some time now. In order to make things easier for new users, he now has also put up documentation for it.

The documentation covers an introduction with a brief note on NPF's design followed by elements of a NPF configuration file. This is followed by instructions for dynamic rules, stateful filtering and network address translation (NAT). Further paragraphs describe the extension API, troubleshooting and appendixes with more information.

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[20121017] Introducing NPF in NetBSD 6.0
NetBSD's development version had npf as another packet filter available for quite some time. With the release of NetBSD 6.0, this is now available more widely, and npf author Mindaugas Rasiukevicius has pointed out that there are two PDFs available that explain more about NPF:

  1. a presentation
  2. an article


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[20100915] Introducing NPF, NetBSD's new packet filter (Updated)
Following the recent call for funded projects, a from-scratch implementation of NPF, a new packet filter developed by Mindaugas Rasiukevicius (rmind@) was now announced: ``NPF is designed for high performance on multiprocessor machines, and for easy extensibility.

    Highlights of NPF features include

    • MP-safety and locklessness for scalable MP performance: no longer is the packet filter the bottleneck in your multicore router
    • Fast hash-table and red-black tree lookups
    • Stateful packet filtering, Network Address Port Translation (NAPT), and Application-Level Gateways (ALGs) for, e.g., traceroute
    • The N-Code processor, a packet-inspection engine inspired by BPF: the N-Code processor is programmed to match packets using generic, RISC-like instructions and a few CISC-like instructions for common patterns such as IPv4 addresses
    • Familiar configuration syntax and utilities
    • Modularity and extensibility: users extend NPF by loading a kernel module. NPF provides developers with an extensions API. NPF rules can embed a hook that invokes an extension
    By the end of January, NPF should have all of the capabilities that NetBSD users have come to expect by using the other filters in the kernel:

    • IPv4 reassembly support
    • Bi-directional NAT and port forwarding (re-direction)
    • FTP proxy support
    • IP header flags cleansing
    • ICMP packets and TCP RST packet blocking
    • Save/restore state
    • Packet logging, configurable using filter rules
    Rasiukevicius will also write documentation and configuration examples.

    Beyond that, NPF needs code for IPv6 support. Rasiukevicius agrees to provide technical support to developers who will add IPv6 support to NPF. An outline of the steps to IPv6 support will be forthcoming.

    NPF is the third packet filter in NetBSD, after IP Filter and PF. NPF is unique for using a bytecode interpreter in its packet-inspection engine, and for answering the question, "What does a packet filter designed from the bottom up for multiprocessor systems look like?"

    NPF development is sponsored by the NetBSD Foundation.''

Good! If anyone feels bored / brave, things that I'd love to see added include IPv6 support and support for AltQ, (Net)BSD's implementation of alternate network queuing, i.e. QoS / CoS.

Update: For those interested in the configuration of NPF, here are a bunch of manpages: npf.conf(5), npfctl(8), npf_ncode(9). Enjoy!

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Disclaimer: All opinion expressed here is purely my own. No responsibility is taken for anything.

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